Unions, miners and recruiters will tell a federal parliamentary inquiry the Uber-ised economy is rippling beyond takeaway food and how people get home after a night out.
Members of the Senate committee on job security meeting on Tuesday already know casual work is a leading cause of anxiety among voters.
The gig economy, and now COVID-19, are reshaping how Australians work and laws are yet to catch up.
There are about 2.3 million casual workers in Australia who are not entitled to holiday and sick leave.
Many gig economy workers are classified as independent contractors, not as employees, meaning they don’t get a minimum wage, superannuation or workers compensation.
Older workers are also increasingly pessimistic about their prospects of finding or changing jobs.
The Queensland Council of Unions says the pandemic has highlighted the impact that insecure work has had in Australia, especially in the aged care and security sectors.
Insecure work has resulted in workers feeling compelled to work when they are sick, and across multiple job sites, sometimes with fatal consequences.
Five food delivery riders died on the roads last year.
The Construction and General Division of the Construction, Forestry, Maritime, Mining and Energy Union says the proliferation of insecure work in Australia has not been by accident.
Businesses are doing away with traditional employment relationships in order to cut costs and shift risk onto workers, helped by a weak regulatory framework, according to the union.
Casual mineworkers are paid less than their permanent workmates, despite claims of “casual loading”.
The use of sham contracting is a growing problem across the Australian economy and is said to be particularly acute in the construction industry.
An absence of enforcement activity by regulators such as the Australian Building and Construction Commission will also be questioned as giving a free pass to unscrupulous firms.
The inquiry has attracted more than 100 detailed written submissions amid growing calls for regulation.
Separately, the Australian Workers’ Union begins its case at the Fair Work Commission about fairer pay for fruit pickers.
Some get “piece rates” equivalent to just $3 an hour.