Qantas had long been planning to outsource its ground workers before the airline moved to combat the COVID-19 fallout, the Transport Workers Union has argued.
Some 2500 jobs held by baggage handlers, ramp workers, and cabin cleaners across 10 airports including Sydney and Melbourne have been outsourced to sub-contractors.
Qantas’ “extremely severe … cash burn” following COVID-19 and the grounding of fleets was laid out on Monday in the Federal Court as a statutory loss of $2.7 billion in 2020, and $1.5 billion so far for 2021.
These figures would be significantly higher had restructuring steps not been taken across the entire company, Qantas’ barrister Neil Young QC said.
But barrister Mark Gibian SC, representing the aviation workers, said there was a history of Qantas attempting to engage external operators to hire labour, before it outlined an “opportunity” in cashflow issues following the worldwide health pandemic.
The union is arguing against the legality of the decision and says it breaches the Fair Work Act.
A key issue for the case is whether Qantas’ international and domestic chief executive officer Andrew David was the sole decision-maker and whether its reasons for outsourcing those workers, made on November 27, 2020, were unlawful.
Mr Young said it was a necessary response to the devastating impact of COVID-19, and was done for commercial reasons and not before November 2020.
“The outsourcing decision was not a singular matter, it was one of many operational decisions that Qantas took across its whole business to address the dire consequences of the pandemic,” Mr Young said.
Mr Young said each business unit that made up Qantas, including within its airports, looked at cost-savings and means of improving efficiency by allowing flexibility regarding demand into the future.
Qantas could no longer afford to have ground services employees on standby when flights were infrequent, he said.
A cost savings of $103 million per year across those 10 airports affected resulted from paying a fixed fee to a third party who handles the staff
The TWU said in a statement this case was a test of whether the Fair Work Act allowed large corporations to axe workers who had fought for decent wages and conditions to be replaced by insecure workers on low pay.
“For a country like Australia in the midst of a wages growth crisis this is a catastrophe,” TWU national secretary Michael Kaine said.